United Nations Support Mission in Libya – Report of the Secretary-General (S/2022/31) [EN/AR] – Libya
1. This report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolutions 2510 (2020), 2542 (2020), 2570 (2021) and 2599 (2021), covers political, security and economic developments in Libya. It provides an overview of the human rights and humanitarian situation in the country and the activities of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) since the publication of the previous report (S/2021/752) on August 25, 2021.
II. Political, security and economic developments
2. During the reporting period, legislative and technical preparations continued for the national elections originally scheduled for 24 December. However, continuing disagreements over the legal framework for elections passed by the House of Representatives, political and legal disputes over the eligibility of several presidential candidates, and reported security threats against the National High Electoral Commission have led the Commission to delay the publication of the final report. list of eligible presidential candidates, effectively postponing the elections.
3. On 17 November, the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Libya, Ján Kubiš, submitted his resignation, which the Secretary-General accepted with effect from 10 December. On December 6, he appointed Stephanie Williams as special adviser on Libya. He asked him to work closely with UNSMIL in cooperation with Libyan, regional and international actors. She took office on December 10.
4. From 12 to 23 December, the Special Adviser met with political, security, economic and civil society representatives in Tripoli, Misratah, Sirte and Benghazi, including members of the Presidency Council, the Government of National Unity, the High National Electoral Commission. , the House of Representatives, the High Council of State and the High Council of the Judiciary, and the candidates for the presidential and parliamentary elections. She focused her consultations on challenges affecting the electoral process and explored ways to address them while maintaining momentum towards the holding of elections.
5. On 19 December, the Special Adviser organized a meeting with the President of the National High Electoral Commission, the Minister of Interior and the Acting Head of Parliament to take stock of the situation and identify the way forward. She later encouraged the House of Representatives to focus its efforts on holding national elections, noting that in changing the electoral framework, the House should strictly adhere to the provisions of the 2015 Libyan Political Agreement and comply with its own rules of procedure and act. transparently.
6. On 22 December, the High National Electoral Commission informed the House of Representatives of the Commission’s inability to organize elections in accordance with the roadmap of the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum and relevant Security Council resolutions and asked the House to set a new election date. On 23 December, the Secretary-General issued a statement in which he congratulated the 2.8 million Libyans who had registered to vote and said that presidential and parliamentary elections must be held in Libya under the appropriate conditions to end the political transition peacefully and transfer power to democratically elected institutions.
7. On December 27 and 28, the House of Representatives convened a session in Tobruk to consider the most recent developments regarding the electoral process and the way forward, including a report by the House-appointed committee on the electoral process. As a result, the House created a new committee to develop recommendations on the way forward for the electoral process.
8. On 3 January, the President of the High National Electoral Commission informed the House of Representatives of the reasons why it was unable to organize elections on 24 December. He cited inconsistencies in the legal framework and irregularities in the judicial appeal process for the selection of presidential candidates. He also reported that the Commission had received threats warning against the names of some people on the final list of presidential candidates.
9. In the meantime, efforts towards the full implementation of the Comprehensive and Permanent Ceasefire Agreement in Libya between the Libyan Army of the Government of National Accord and the Libyan National Army of the General of the Armed Forces (S/2020/1043, annex), which was signed on 23 October 2020, continued throughout the reporting period, with particular emphasis on the withdrawal of foreign forces, foreign fighters and mercenaries from Libya. On October 8, the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, with the support of the United Nations, adopted an action plan for a gradual, balanced and sequenced process for the withdrawal of mercenaries, foreign fighters and foreign forces from Libyan territory. The plan makes specific reference to the role of UN ceasefire monitors in supporting its implementation. On 10 October, the first team of United Nations observers was deployed as part of UNSMIL’s ceasefire monitoring component. The action plan was officially endorsed at the Libya Stabilization Conference held in Tripoli on October 21.